Since gaining its independence, Azerbaijan’s foreign policy is oscillating between security priorities and normative transformation. Following the dissolution of the USSR, newlyindependent Azerbaijan opened a new dimension of its foreign policy in the direction of the West. The successful realisation of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline and Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum gas pipeline, as well as the whole East-West energy corridor paved the way for the economic integration of Azerbaijan into Europe. Along with energy cooperation, the Western integration is also expected to help Azerbaijan in its normative transformation from Soviet-style structures and economy to a well-governed and democratic country, with a competitive and transparent economy. In this regard, Azerbaijan joined the EU’s European Neighbourhood Policy and Eastern Partnership programmes, which envisaged the creation of well-governed and transparent institutions, a dynamic civil society, diversified economy, close energy cooperation, political and economic reforms etc.
See the full book chapter titled “Azerbaijan: Europeanisation Versus Real-Politics“ have been published in the book of “Dilemmas of Europeanisation: Political Choices and Economic Transformations in the Eastern Partnership Countries“.