Liquefied Natural Gas

This category contains 18 posts

The Perspective of Trans-Caspian Gas Flow to Europe

n383lev63bf11On August 12, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Iran, and Turkmenistan signed the Convention on the Caspian Sea’s Legal Status in Astana. The Convention’s provision endorsing the construction of a subsea pipeline raised optimism regarding the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline (TCGP) project, which has been stalled due to the Caspian’s uncertain status. Continue reading


Caspian Convention Signing and the Implications for the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline

TCP Без названияThe governments of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Iran and Turkmenistan gathered in the Kazakhstani port city of Aktau, on August 12, and signed the Convention on the Caspian Sea’s Legal Status. Among other important points, Article 14 of the Convention recognizes the parties’ right to lay underwater pipelines Continue reading

The Southern Gas Corridor: Heading into the Home Stretch?

Trans-Adriatic-Pipeline-Selected-for-Shah-Deniz-Gas-TransportSecurity of gas supply is a priority for the European Union (EU) because it is critical to ensure that (1) supplies are not disrupted; (2) market can be competitive and (3) the EU cannot be blackmailed in foreign and security policy questions. Continue reading

Injecting Russian Gas Into TAP: Downgrading Importance of Southern Gas Corridor

1l-Tap route.jpgFor the first time ever, Gazprom officially expressed interest in using the Trans-Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) to deliver Russian gas to Europe (Trend, January 24). During the European Gas Conference in Vienna, on January 24, Gazprom deputy CEO Alexander Medvedev said that Russia’s upstream capacity is sufficient Continue reading

Perspectives for Israeli Gas in Southern Gas Corridor Hampered by Economic Limitations

leviathan-gas-fieldIsraeli Ambassador to Azerbaijan, Dan Stav, announced, on November 6, that his country was “considering the possibility to transport its natural gas to Europe via the Trans Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline [TANAP] through Turkey.” Earlier, on October 14, Turkish presidential advisor Cemil Ertem declared that Turkey wants to connect Israel’s gas supplies to the Southern Gas Corridor (SGC) —an energy transit corridor from Azerbaijan to Europe, of which TANAP is a key link Continue reading

SOCAR’s Complicated DESFA Deal Faces New Setbacks

0f975eb049Rovnag Abdullayev, the head of Azerbaijan’s State Oil Company (SOCAR), told reporters on September 5 that his company is waiting for an explanation from the Greek government for its violation of the originally agreed-upon privatization terms for Greece’s Gas Transmission System Operator (DESFA) (Azernews.az, September 6). Continue reading

Iranian gas in Georgia. A feasible option?

13_GeorgiaOver the past few months, the Chief of Russia’s Gazprom, Aleksei Miller, and Georgia’s Energy Minister Kakha Kaladze have been negotiating an energy deal between the two countries. The main issues on Georgia’s agenda have been its diversification plans and increasing energy consumption. Meanwhile, Georgia has not yet ruled out importing gas from Iran. Continue reading

Post-sanctions Iran: Implications for Southern Gas Corridor and Opportunities for Azerbaijan

On July 14, 2015 Iran and the P5+1 countries agreed on a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action concerning Iran’s nuclear programme, according to which Iran is obliged not to develop and acquire nuclear weapons. In return, the international community committed to remove sanctions, as the JCPOA stipulates the sanction relief from the “import/export and transport of Iranian oil/gas products and technologies; participation in joint ventures and investment for the oil/gas sectors; purchase, acquisition, sale, transportation or marketing of oil/gas from Iran.” Continue reading

Greece appeared a “Gordian Knot” for Azerbaijan’s SOCAR


On 21 June 2013, the Azerbaijan’s state oil company SOCAR has won the tender to acquire the 66% share of the Greece’s Hellenic Gas Transmission System Operator (DESFA), which operates country’s gas transmission pipelines and distribution networks. The purchase accelerated the Shah Deniz Consortium’s decision on the final leg of the Southern Gas Corridor, by choosing the Trans-Adriatic Pipeline against the Nabucco-West, while SOCAR acquired 20% in TAP. Continue reading

Removal of sanctions from Iran: What does it promise for the Southern Gas Corridor?

Developments in the international relations system are unpredictable. It rapidly shifts from one phase to another, from cooperation to conflict or vice versa. The new alteration in the international order will be the Iran-West rapprochement, which has been initially observed following the interim nuclear agreement in November 2013 between Iran and P5+1 countries Continue reading

Gas Policy of Greece under New Government: Russia, Turkic Stream and Diversification


Credit: thepeopledemand.org

Russia and Turkic Stream

After the collapse of the USSR, Russia’s new political elite of early 1990s emerged with its liberal orientation, Euro-Atlantic integration aspirations and opposition to supporting anti-western governments. Whereas, Russia after 2000s under Vladimir Putin’s leadership pursued absolutely different path. Alongside with foreign policy, Russian natural gas policy is remembered mostly with gas crisis, gas cut-offs and monopoly of Gazprom in the neighboring European countries. Continue reading

The New Greek Government: Implications for Azerbaijan’s DESFA Purchase

Click photo to get PDF version of article from CCEE


The victory of the leftist Syriza party in the recent Greek elections was largely welcomed by Moscow, not because the party’s policies are radically pro-Russian, but rather because its leadership has stated its resistance to a number of Brussels-led policies. In this sense there is a similarity to certain other European political parties in the EU member states, such as Jobbik (Hungary), National Front (France), and the National Democratic Party (Germany). Continue reading

Will the LNG save the EU[rope]?

imagesAs winter comes, the EU concerns about stability of gas supply amidst the Ukrainian crisis. That pushed EU to seek reliable sources to secure domestic gas supply. It is believed that LNG may protect the EU from possible gas supply disruptions from Russia. Currently the EU meets 25% of its LNG import from Norway, Qatar, Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, Libya, Trinidad and Tobago and seeks LNG supply from the US, Qatar and Australia. Development of the LNG terminals in Europe is one of the main priorities in EU energy policy to weaken its reliance from single gas supplier. Continue reading

Perspective of the Eastern Mediterranean natural gas for the EU: Challenges for the Fifth Energy Corridor

Amid the Ukraine crisis, importance of diversification and lessening Russian gas monopoly over the EU gas market became one of utmost crucial missions for Union. In this context, Southern Gas Corridor’s role, which is considered fourth energy corridor, is inevitable. However, given the amount that SGC will pump to Europe, it won’t be sufficient to be game changer. There are plenty of alternatives for diversification of routes and sources. The hydrocarbon resources of Eastern Mediterranean might be next alternative for the EU’s diversification policy or maybe not. Continue reading

Energy Conflicts in the Energy Sub-Hubs of Eurasia: How to get rid of it?

eurasia-map1Eurasia, where focused most of the geopolitical theories, experienced numerous wars, conflicts, revolutions, and chaos and became a candidate for aforementioned tendencies. The main object for wars and conflicts were “to capture more territories” and “enlargement”, while main politics was “divide, share and conquer”. Continue reading

Energy Security Dimension in Foreign Policy


Today impact of the energy resources and energy security on international relations and foreign policy performance obviously demonstrate itself both politically and economically. Role of the energy resources in 21th century is not same as it is in 19th or 20th century. Notwithstanding, energy resources were utilized only for domestic (lightning) or technical (for cars and military equipments) purposes, the reality of 21th century requires more logical approach to energy resources. Continue reading

The New Trends in Russian Energy Policy following Third Presidency of Putin

The current Russian energy policy kept in memories only with its failures. Why? Every day I read dozen of news, articles, and columns about Russian energy policy. Almost in every piece I face with misleading information about Russian energy policy. Media is very strong ideological war tool and can manipulate mid-level community very easily with its baseless speculations. In my humble opinion, some news portal deliberately tries to blacken the energy image of Russia gained since Putin’s first presidency terms. However, Putin’s third presidency terms might be characterized with Russia’s successful steps toward “energy super-power” status. Continue reading

Energy Conflict Areas in Eurasia – From Geopolitics to Conflicts

Energy Conflict Areas in Eurasia

Energy Conflict Areas in Eurasia

From Geopolitics to Conflicts

From Geopolitics to Conflicts

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