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South Stream

This category contains 16 posts

The Southern Gas Corridor: Heading into the Home Stretch?


Trans-Adriatic-Pipeline-Selected-for-Shah-Deniz-Gas-TransportSecurity of gas supply is a priority for the European Union (EU) because it is critical to ensure that (1) supplies are not disrupted; (2) market can be competitive and (3) the EU cannot be blackmailed in foreign and security policy questions. Continue reading

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Propaganda Against Trans-Adriatic Pipeline Continues Under ‘Environmental Concerns’


TAP-protests.jpgOn April 6, Italy’s Lazio Regional Administrative Court (LRAC) suspended the environmental impact permit for the Trans-Adriatic Pipeline (TAP), which would have allowed for the relocation of olive trees that obstruct the planned path of the pipeline in the Puglia region town of Melendugno (Italianinsider.it, April 7). Continue reading

Perspective for Turkish Stream Project: Possible Scenarios and Challenges



Following the cancellation of South Stream, Russia announced its plans to reroute the pipeline to Turkey, instead of Bulgaria. The new pipeline was dubbed “Turkish Stream”, with same capacity of South Stream, but less vulnerable to EU competition law. “Turkish Stream” has also experienced delays due to the crisis in Russia-Turkey relations. However, following the recent normalization of bilateral relations, the project regained its momentum. Continue reading

Turkey-Russia Rapprochement and Prospects for ‘Turkish Stream’


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Credit: novinite.com

On June 27, Russian President Vladimir Putin received a letter from President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, expressing Turkey’s willingness to restore ties with Russia (Kremlin.ru, June 27). Immediately, Gazprom spokesperson Sergey Kupriyanov announced his company’s openness to dialogue with Ankara on the construction of the “Turkish Stream” natural gas pipeline Continue reading

Southern Gas Corridor Gains New Momentum


Work on the Southern Gas Corridor’s (SGC) implementation intensified to an unprecedented degree in recent months. On March 17 and May 17, the groundbreaking ceremonies of two key constituent parts of the Southern Corridor—the Trans-Anatolian Pipeline (TANAP) and the Trans-Adriatic Pipeline (TAP)—were held, respectively, in Turkey and Greece. Continue reading

Greece appeared a “Gordian Knot” for Azerbaijan’s SOCAR


Background

On 21 June 2013, the Azerbaijan’s state oil company SOCAR has won the tender to acquire the 66% share of the Greece’s Hellenic Gas Transmission System Operator (DESFA), which operates country’s gas transmission pipelines and distribution networks. The purchase accelerated the Shah Deniz Consortium’s decision on the final leg of the Southern Gas Corridor, by choosing the Trans-Adriatic Pipeline against the Nabucco-West, while SOCAR acquired 20% in TAP. Continue reading

Resurrection of Nabucco Pipeline: Real or Myth?


Background

The energy history of East-West energy corridor has not started with Nabucco, but Nabucco was considered a crown-jewel of the Southern Gas Corridor. Nabucco Consortium was established with Ankara Agreement in 2009 by Turkey, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary and Austria to construct Nabucco gas pipeline with 31 bcm capacity from Turkey via Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary to Austria. Nabucco was planned to be linked with South Caucasus Pipeline in Erzurum, Turkey and Trans-Caspian Pipeline (TCP) in Azerbaijan to deliver Azeri and Turkmen gas to Europe to decrease the EU’s gas dependence on Russia. Continue reading

Repercussions of Turkish Stream for Southern Gas Corridor: Russia’s New Gas Strategy


Photo credit: Business Insider

Photo credit: Business Insider

Background

On December 1 2014, during his official visit to Turkey, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the suspension of South Stream, blaming the EU for its “unconstructive” position. In fact, the realization of pipeline had become untenable as a result of various legal, political and financial issues, such as the EU’s Third Energy Package, the Ukraine crisis and the ensuing sanctions over companies involved in South Stream (Stroytransgaz and Gazprombank). Continue reading

Gas Policy of Greece under New Government: Russia, Turkic Stream and Diversification


Syriza

Credit: thepeopledemand.org

Russia and Turkic Stream

After the collapse of the USSR, Russia’s new political elite of early 1990s emerged with its liberal orientation, Euro-Atlantic integration aspirations and opposition to supporting anti-western governments. Whereas, Russia after 2000s under Vladimir Putin’s leadership pursued absolutely different path. Alongside with foreign policy, Russian natural gas policy is remembered mostly with gas crisis, gas cut-offs and monopoly of Gazprom in the neighboring European countries. Continue reading

The New Greek Government: Implications for Azerbaijan’s DESFA Purchase


Click photo to get PDF version of article from CCEE

Background

The victory of the leftist Syriza party in the recent Greek elections was largely welcomed by Moscow, not because the party’s policies are radically pro-Russian, but rather because its leadership has stated its resistance to a number of Brussels-led policies. In this sense there is a similarity to certain other European political parties in the EU member states, such as Jobbik (Hungary), National Front (France), and the National Democratic Party (Germany). Continue reading

In the Search of New Partners: Putin’s Turkic Stream for Turkey


Background

Turkey is blessed by its geographical position with its geographical excellence on the crossroads of Balkans, Middle East and Caucasus, while cursed by its rogue neighbors. Turkish-Russian relations rely on more than 500 years historical background, where both were at the odds to gain leadership, spread their influences in the region. Continue reading

Who buried South Stream and Why?: EU or Russia?


Source: Facebook page of Russian MFA

Source: Facebook page of Russian MFA

Zbigniew Brzezinski had once described Russia’s energy policy as an initiative “to separate the Central Europe from the Western Europe”; something able to divide Member States’ solidarity on the EU and NATO’s potential enlargement in the post-soviet space. Therefore, the EU was not happy leading its member states’ ‘preferential relationship’ with Russia, notably on the South Stream. Continue reading

Implications of the Demise of South Stream for Southern Gas Corridor


Projet_Pipeline_South_stream_et_NabuccoThough, Nabucco was not beginning of energy history in the region, but everything started with Nabucco. Nabucco appeared as a main project of East-West energy corridor, which is planned to be merged with South Caucasus and Trans-Caspian gas pipelines and to be laid down across Turkish and Balkan territories to Central Europe. Continue reading

Russian-EU Energy Relations: from Cooperation toward Contradictions


flag-eu-russiaFollowing World War II, it was necessary to take new economic steps in order to overcome political problems among European countries. Establishment of the European Steel and Coal Community, the European Atomic Energy Community and the European Economic Community formed the/an/new European energy policy. Continue reading

The New Trends in Russian Energy Policy following Third Presidency of Putin


The current Russian energy policy kept in memories only with its failures. Why? Every day I read dozen of news, articles, and columns about Russian energy policy. Almost in every piece I face with misleading information about Russian energy policy. Media is very strong ideological war tool and can manipulate mid-level community very easily with its baseless speculations. In my humble opinion, some news portal deliberately tries to blacken the energy image of Russia gained since Putin’s first presidency terms. However, Putin’s third presidency terms might be characterized with Russia’s successful steps toward “energy super-power” status. Continue reading

Western Clouds are Looming on Gazprom’s Horizon: Does History Work against Russia?


On 4 September, the European Commission (EC) said it started a formal investigation into Russian gas monopoly Gazprom. The EC said that it is investigating three suspected anti-competitive practices in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). Antoine Colombani, spokesman for EU Competition Commissioner Joaquin Almunia, listed the EC’s concerns as followings that Gazprom (Reuters): Continue reading

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