The ultimate purpose of this research paper is to examine Georgia’s gas diversification policy options from the standpoint of economic attractiveness, political likelihood, transportation (infrastructure) connectivity and energy security. The paper encompasses five chapters on Georgia’s energy sector including discussion of energy balance, energy demand, gas suppliers, sources, etc.; the role of Azerbaijan in Georgia’s energy market and existing pipelines and contracts; Russia’s interest in Georgia’s gas sector, including recent talks and renewal of the transit agreement, as well as public reactions thereto; and the possibility of Iranian gas exports to Georgia, including the role that Armenia is enthusiastic to play in this regard. You can freely access the material in pdf via Gas Diversification Policy of Georgia: Role of External Actors — Azerbaijan, Russia and Iran
Security of gas supply is a priority for the European Union (EU) because it is critical to ensure that (1) supplies are not disrupted; (2) market can be competitive and (3) the EU cannot be blackmailed in foreign and security policy questions. Continue reading
Work on the Southern Gas Corridor’s (SGC) implementation intensified to an unprecedented degree in recent months. On March 17 and May 17, the groundbreaking ceremonies of two key constituent parts of the Southern Corridor—the Trans-Anatolian Pipeline (TANAP) and the Trans-Adriatic Pipeline (TAP)—were held, respectively, in Turkey and Greece. Continue reading
The history of legal status of the Caspian is not a new issue, as it laid down in normative agenda of littoral states since Soviet era, even before the Soviet Union. Initial destiny of the Caspian has been defined through, Petersburg, Resht, Gulustan and Turkmenchay treaties, as well as ‘Treaty of Friendship’ and ‘Treaty of Commerce and Navigation’, between Russia and Iran (then USSR and Persia respectively). Continue reading
Today, every new pipeline changes the market and geopolitics of region. Two months ago, the final decision, made by Shah Deniz Consortium, suprised many people. The competition for which pipeline will deliver Azeri gas to Europe is “Almost” over. Shah Deniz Consortium opted Trans-Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) which will be connected with Trans-Anatolian Pipeline (TANAP) at Turkish-Greek border, although, Nabucco-West has strongly and diplomatically supported by European Union and United States. Continue reading
“The South Caucasus – it is the heartland of conflict and always candidate to the war, ethnic chaos and frozen-conflicts.” (c) South Caucasus witnessed numerous of wars and separation agreements (Turkmenchai, Gulustan etc.), including collapse of USSR.
Notwithstanding, South Caucasus region is always deemed by dozens of people as a common region of three independent countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia) combining itself common culture and history, these three countries are not only different due to above mentioned factors, as well as due to their foreign policy courses in and around region. Continue reading